Basics Part III

Models of Tech Integration

When taking the 21things4teachers for graduate, SCECH, or other Professional Development credit there will be additional Capstone requirements and extended assignments which will address pedagogy and reflections about transforming your teaching.

When technology tools are effectively integrated into the curriculum they can extend learning in powerful ways. These tools can provide students and teachers with:

  • access to up-to-date primary source material
  • methods of collecting/recording data
  • ways to collaborate with students, teachers and experts around the world
  • opportunities for expressing understanding via multimedia
  • learning that is relevant and assessment that is authentic
  • training for publishing and presenting their new knowledge

Three current models of technology integration include the SAMR, TPACK, and TIM.

Models of Technology Integration for "Transforming your Teaching"

  1. SAMR Model for Technology Integration

    "SAMR, a model designed to help educators integrate technology into teaching and learning, was developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura, Ph.D.. The model aims to enable teachers to design, develop, and integrate digital learning experiences that utilize technology to transform learning experiences to lead to high levels of achievement for students." (Quote source)

    Click on the image below to visit Kathy Schrock's Guide to Everything, and more information on the SAMR Model. For a video overview of SAMR, visit the following link: Common Sense Media video.
    SAMR model

    TPACK diagram
  2. TPACK
    Reproduced by permission of the publisher, © 2012 by
    Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK ) is a framework that identifies the knowledge teachers need to teach effectively with technology. The TPACK framework extends Lee Shulman’s idea of Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK).

    Punya Mishar and Matthew J. Koehler, professors at Michigan State University, are credited with extensive work in constructing the TPACK framework.

"TPACK ... attempts to capture some of the essential qualities of knowledge required by teachers for technology integration in their teaching, while addressing the complex, multifaceted and situated nature of teacher knowledge. At the heart of the TPACK framework, is the complex interplay of three primary forms of knowledge: Content (CK), Pedagogy (PK), and Technology (TK)." Punya Mishra's Web, April 7, 2014.

3. TIM

The Technology Integration Matrix (TIM) provides a framework for describing and targeting the use of technology to enhance learning. The TIM incorporates five interdependent characteristics of meaningful learning environments: active, collaborative, constructive, authentic, and goal-directed. These characteristics are associated with five levels of technology integration: entry, adoption, adaptation, infusion, and transformation. Together, the five characteristics of meaningful learning environments and five levels of technology integration create a matrix of 25 cells, as illustrated below. Developed by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology (FCIT) in 2005, the TIM is now in its third edition (2019).


Click this link for Printer-Friendly TIM Descriptor Tables

Complete the BASICS Document assignment for this section (to explore the SAMR, TPACK, and TIM models and identify a strategy you use in a lesson or activity that fits one or more of these models). Submit the completed document to your instructor.

This completes the Basics Thing. Remember to check with your instructor about submitting your 21t4 Basics document (provide a link to it, submit it, etc.). The Basics activities were designed as an introduction and skill building orientation for success in the Things to follow.