Evaluation & Assessment

Using Data to Inform Instruction

The use of evaluation and assessment tools to improve student achievement has become a best practice and integral part of collecting demographic, achievement, process, and perception data. In this Thing, you will learn about the resources for data collection and analysis at the classroom level. These online assessment tools and resources provide students the needed experiences in the classroom that replicate some online testing environments, as well as allow teachers the opportunity to collect data and inform instruction. A basic understanding of formative (assessment for learning) and summative (assessment of learning) is critical!

As you consider online assessment in your own classroom, features like video, multimedia, interactives and online editing tools (the highlighter in Google Docs or Word) are valuable means for educating and assessing. Being aware of assessment resources specific to your school and/or state such as; data warehouses, test items/item banks, and Smarter Balanced or PARCC materials, will also add connections to successful online assessment practices.

The Legalities of Data

It is important that educators understand the laws that govern the collection, sharing, and access to school data. The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) protects the privacy of student education records. Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA) protects individuals health information, and patient rights regarding health and safety.


Complete the pre-test column on this pre-test/post-test.  Here is a presentation that takes you through this section (video, pre/post, and stop/think activities). Then complete the post-test column. How did you do? The answer sheet can be found here

The Types of Data Collected in Education

There are four types of data collected in education: demographic, achievement (academics), process, and perception. In most states schools are required to track and report this data as part of their school improvement reporting. Check out the examples  of each data type and get more information about how these data types are collected in education. (Image source: Lisa Guzzardo Asaro, Facilitators of School Improvement, Macomb ISD).

4 Types of Data Verbiage
DemographicsStudent AcademicsPerceptionsSchool Processes

Using Technology for Classroom Data Collection

Review this T3PD Model by clicking on each box in the model to locate technology tools and resources available to support you in collecting Perception, Progress Monitoring, Performance, and Demographic data.

Header Image

Perception Model  Progress image

Performance Demographics


Technology infused data collection increases educator productivity, as well as efficiency. In addition, it provides many benefits to students: connections to standards and alignment, immediate feedback, and increased engagement. However, one of the biggest benefits comes from replicating online/high stakes testing experiences.

To improve student performance, consider using a variety of technology enhanced experiences: quizzes embedded in video, the highlighter or annotation feature on text, aligning questions to standards, and/or giving immediate feedback.

Evaluating Technology Tools

Choosing the best technology tool to achieve your learning goals means actively comparing tool features and functionality for use in your classroom.  

One tool to help you evaluate the technology you have chosen for a lesson is Dr. Liz Kolb's Triple E Framework.  The rubric to evaluate apps and websites will help you to critique tools for their ability to extend, enhance, and engage lessons. 

The University of Massachusetts's (Amherst) EDU 595A course created a site to review assessment tools and provides a nice list of things you should review. Here is an example of the Kaizena review which explores functionality, use, and privacy among other features.  

You can also evaluate tools or websites with this simple Google Slide.  Make a copy and save to your files to keep track of tools you have learned about or used.